Eggplant, Solanum melongena, is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit.
Growing requirements are very similar to those of its cousin, the tomato. In other words…
- Full sun (for best yields)
- Space 24-36 inches apart
- Well-drained soil that is rich in nutrients
- Soil should be evenly moist at all times
- Don’t plant till all danger of frost is past
Like tomatoes, eggplant can develop blossom end rot.. and for the same reasons: erratic soil moisture.
Eggplant is a heat-loving plant. If temperature falls below 50, they will stop growing and any blossoms on the plant are likely to drop. However, if daytime temperatures go above 90, blossoms will drop with no fruit set.
Flea beetles love eggplant leaves! Don’t be alarmed.. even though the leaves of your plant may be perforated by flea beetles, it won’t affect fruit development or growth or flavor.
Harvest while fruits are bright and shiny. Dull fruit means it is over-ripe. If your eggplant is either under-ripe or over-ripe, it will taste bitter. If you are growing white eggplant, pick before the skin starts to turn yellow. That indicates over-ripeness.